Acute Infectious viral diseases are described by the rapid commencement of viral diseases. It is usually goes with the early production of infectious virions and withdrawal of infection by the host body. Acute infectious viral diseases are detected with pathogens like influenza virus and rhinovirus. Frequently acute infections cause a little or no medical symptoms. This is supposed to say inapparent infection just like poliovirus, 90% of cases didn’t show any symptoms.
Acute infections are pledged for the outbreak of diseases in millions of individuals each year. It become difficult to control the infectious virus when the vaccines are not available most are complete with time when the patient feels ill but, the virus has already spread to another person. Viruses are spread through germs, skin or mucous membrane contact, blood or other fluids of the body, foods and water and from mother to her unborn fetus.
Some Acute Infectious Viral Diseases
Some of the acute infectious viral diseases attack the nerve cell activities, some are responsible to weaken the immune symptoms and some are associated with other health problems. Few of the acute infectious disease are described below.
Tetanus is also known as lockjaw. It is a solemn bacterial disease that affects the nervous system and tightens the jaw muscles and muscles throughout the body. Tetanus infection needs immediate treatment it may be life-threatening without treatment. Some vaccines are available to treat tetanus but they didn’t last forever. Tetanus booster shots are done after every 10 years to establish the immunity. Tetanus is originated by bacteria known as Clostridium tetani, the bacterial spores are found in dust, animal dropping and dirt. The people with tetanus experience the symptom that encompasses spasms and stiffness in various muscles.
Shingles is caused by varicella zoster virus that originates painful skin rash. The skin rash can cause anywhere as a single strip in one side with fluid filled sac. Varicella zoster virus also causes chickenpox. The virus didn’t spread from person to person but it can transmit through a person with active shingles to the person who never experience chickenpox. The early symptoms of shingles include sensitivity of light, headaches and flu without fever. There is no proper cure for shingles but the symptoms may be control by prescription antiviral drugs that will also help to reduce the risk drawbacks.
Rabies is a viral disease that causes drastic inflammation in the brain of humans and in many other warm blooded animals. The initial symptoms of rabies include fever and itching at the side of exposure. Rabies is caused by the scratches and bite of infected animal. The infection is found in the saliva of the animal. The symptoms take place nearly lead to death. Furthermore 99% of rabies in many countries is found in dogs and the disease is commonly caused by the bite of the dogs. In rabies survival rate is very rare, mostly death occurs in 2 to 10 days as the symptoms commence to take place.
Measles is a transmittable infection that originates rashes all over the body. Measles is also known as rubeola. The virus spreads when an infected person sneeze, cough or share drinks or foods. This can spread through air. Measles vaccine is helpful to prevent the infection mostly children get regular vaccine shots. The early symptoms of measles include high fever, runny nose, cough, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes etc. Measles can control through home care, medicines may also help to lower the symptoms like fever and flu.