Antidepressants are most probably prescribed by the doctors to the patients who are experiencing depression. Antidepressants are also used for the treatment of bipolar depression, OCD, PTSD, substance abuse, chronic pain syndrome, anxiety and eating disorders.
According to reports one out of every ten person is on antidepressants over the ages of 12. Antidepressants are the third common sort of authorized drug which is taken by the people between the ages of 18 to 44.
Long-term effects of Antidepressants on Brain
Many of the antidepressants have life threatening side effects. It is obligatory to consult a doctor and stay informed about the uses and abuses and its long and short term effects on health and brain. Antidepressants worked by attacking some assertive types of chemicals in the brain known as neurotransmitters that deals with moods and emotions. There are many types of antidepressants; most targeted neurotransmitters are Serotonin norepinephrine, and dopamine.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI’s)
SSRI’s are considered as the often prescribed antidepressant by the doctors it have sheltered effects and have fewer side effects on brain. It is also used to treat anxiety, panic attacks, personality disorders and severe depression. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is a related with feelings of comfort and happiness. It is a naturally produced chemical that lowers in the people with depression. The chemical changes caused by the antidepressants in the brain originate weight gain, gastrointestinal problems, headaches, dry mouth, mood disorders and emotional numbness. These symptoms are considered as normal and short term and it is not necessary that they will alter into long term effects. But it is necessary to take advice before using any SSRI’s about their long term effects on body and brain.
Effects of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI’s) on Brain
Some of the medicines when combined with SSRI’s can cause many medical problems and brain changes such as tramadol which is used to treat pain blocks the reuptake of the brain chemicals known as norepinephrine and serotonin. SSRI’s usage associated with the changes of the nerve cells in the brain and brings up the changes in behavior, acts and the way of feeling.