The chronic lower respiratory disease is a group of disease like Emphysema, COPD or the Chronic obstructed pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis along with other respiratory illnesses. Chronic lower respiratory disease is on the 3rd among the main leading causes of death in the U.S.
Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease Types
The common types of Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease comprises of:
COPD – Chronic Obstructed Pulmonary Disease: COPD is categorized by the restriction of flow of air from in and out of the lungs. This limitation of the flow of air can be produced by numerous things which includes alveoli and elasticity loss in the air tubes, the destruction walls in between the alveoli, inflammation and thickening of the air tube linings or the concealing of the air tubes mucus as compared to what they should, which causes them to clog.
Chronic Bronchitis: When the lung airway linings become swollen and red, this is the indication that you have the chronic bronchitis. Ultimately, the swelling makes the airways narrow, and they might be clogged partly with the mucus that is unable to be cleared. Chronic bronchitis is known as a COPD type.
Emphysema: There are some of the air sacs in the lungs which are damaged in the people having emphysema. This makes it quiet hard for the body to get the required oxygen. Emphysema is a type of COPD.
Causes of Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease
The smoking of cigarette is one of the main causes of the Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, which accounts for nearly 80% of the situations. Though, exposure towards the air pollutants in workplace or home, respiratory infections and genetic factors are also capable of playing a part in the growth of this chronic lower respiratory disease.
Treatment for Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease
The severity of the treatment and illness are diversified and are based on the specific type. For the smoking addicts, the most vital thing to do is to stop or quit smoking. Doing so can help them a lot.
Some of the symptoms like coughing and wheezing can be treating by using the medicines. For the patients having low levels of oxygen as a result of chronic lower respiratory disease, additional oxygen may be provided.