Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung disease that originates difficulty in breathing owing to the damaged airways of the lungs. It is caused by the exposure of irritating gases most frequently by the smoke of cigarettes. People with COPD have high risk of the evolution of lung cancer, heart diseases and variety of other health problems. COPD is treatable, proper treatment can restrict the symptoms and enhance the quality of life and can decrease the increasing risk of the enlargement of other conditions.
A number of treatments are introduced to treat COPD. There is no cure for COPD but the symptoms can treatable and can prevent COPD from becoming shoddy. Treatments for COPD depend on the severity of the condition decisions relay on an expert’s advice and personal opinions.
- Quit Smoking: Smoke of the cigarette is a harmful trigger for COPD. If you smoke quit smoking ask your doctor about the better ways. By dropping smoking the symptoms may decrease and the progression of COPD will slow down.
- Better Diet: Make your diet balanced and healthy make sure that you are taking nutritional foods. The doctors will recommend nutritional supplements which will help to prevent the symptoms from becoming shoddy.
- Exercise: Exercise three times a week at least 20 to 30 minutes even if you are feeling tired.
- Enough Fluid Intakes: Drink enough fluid that will help to decrease the mucus produced by the lungs.
- Pneumococcal Vaccine: The chance of getting pneumonia is higher in the people with COPD then a normal person. Pneumococcal vaccine will reduce the increasing risk of getting pneumonia and its complications.
- Flu Shots: Flu shots will lessen the risk of getting flu. Flu can cause serious problems in the people with COPD.
Therapies of Lungs
- Oxygen Therapy: When COPD become severe you have low levels of oxygen in blood. The oxygen is given to you through oxygen mask or nasal prongs. That will make you feel breath better and in some people it improves the symptoms.
- Pulmonary Rehabilitation: Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are a strategy that encompasses the education about the prevention of COPD, exercise, nutritional advice, psychological support and counseling. It will help you out to do everyday activities and shoot up your quality of life. Health professionals create this strategy to fulfill your needs.
- Lung Volume Reduction: In this surgery the damaged tissues are removed from the lungs that will make the lungs to work better.
- Bullectomy: Doctors removes one or more large bullae (larger air spaces) which are form when the walls of the air sacs are destroyed and causes breathing problems.
- Lung Transplantation: In this surgery the ruinous lung is removed and a healthy lung is transplanted in the patient. This can improve the quality of life and functions of lungs, but it may have some uncertainty like organ refusal by the body and certain types of infections.
COPD Drug Treatment
There are a variety of drugs convenient for the treatment of COPD. But all the medicines are not best for each person.
- Bronchodilators relax the muscles around the airways which makes breathe easier, the short acting bronchodilators include Beta2-Agonists (Albuterol or Levalbuterol) and Anticholinergics (Ipratropium) and the long acting bronchodilators include Anticholinergics (aclidinium, tiotropium, or umeclidinium) and Beta2-agonists (formoterol or salmeterol).
- Anti-Inflammatory drugs reduce the mucus and swelling produced in the airways of the lungs. Anti inflammatory drugs are also known as steroids or corticosteroids (prednisone).
- Combination medicines are combined form of two medicines the common combinations are short acting beta2-agonist with short acting anticholinergics and long acting beta2-agonist with corticosteroids.
- Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors roflumilast (Daliresp) this medicine will decrease the inflammation of airways and relax them.