Diabetes is known as a complex diseases group which can occur because of many reasons. Individuals who have diabetes have high glucose in their blood, which is also called hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a metabolism’s disorder, which is the manner in which the human body consumes and digests the food in order to get the energy from it. It occurs when the carbohydrates are broken down by the digestive tract into glucose and it enters in the blood stream.
Prediabetes occurs when the levels of glucose are more than the normal levels of glucose but they are not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis. Prediabetes is a person having a high risk of having type 2 diabetes.
Diagnosing Diabetes and Prediabetes
Blood tests are consumed for diagnosing the diabetes and prediabetes the early type 2 diabetes might not have any symptoms. All the blood tests for diabetes comprise of getting the blood at a healthcare provider and then sending the sample for analysis in a lab. The Lab analysis is required for ensuring that the results are correct. Devices for measuring glucose are used in the office of the healthcare provider in order to have a diagnosis.
The testing of diabetes allow the healthcare experts to discover and treat the diabetes before any problem occurs. It is also used for finding out and treating prediabetes which can delay or stop the development of type 2 diabetes.
Any of the subsequent tests can diagnose diabetes.
- A FPG (fasting plasma glucose) test
- An A1C test, which is also known as HbA1c, glycohemoglobin, or hemoglobin A1c test
- An OGTT (oral glucose tolerance) test
An additional blood test, which is the RPG or random plasma glucose test used for diagnosing diabetes over a regular health checkup. It he measure count of RPG is 200 micrograms per deciliter or more than that, the person also shows the diabetes symptoms, and then a health care expert might do the diabetes diagnosis.
Some of the common symptoms of diabetes comprise of:
- Augmented thirst
- Augmented urination
- Mysterious weight loss
Some other diabetes symptoms can comprise of blurred vision, increased hunger, fatigue, and non-healing sores.
Any of the tests which is used for the diagnosis of diabetes needs validation with an additional measurement until the symptoms of the diabetes are clear.