Diastolic blood pressure measure the minimum arterial pressure when the heart is on relaxation. Diastolic pressure is the pressure that is the lower pressure of the two readings.
Changes can be instantaneous and temporary, or the number may have an overall increase or decrease over time. Pressure levels usually alter throughout the day, usually going down at night and rise in the morning. Even a change in comportment, for example going from lying down to standing, can cause it to change rapidly.
Factors affecting Diastolic Pressure
There are many factors that can affect diastolic pressure. Blood pressure can be controlled when the factors associated with diastolic pressure kept checked to follow a healthy life.
- Addiction: The other factor which can affect diastolic pressure is addiction. Smoking and alcohol addiction badly affects the functions of heart, which leads to problems in the circulatory system and affects the other systems of the body. Smoking has a lot to do with diastolic pressure both short term and long term, nicotine in the blood causes raised pressure quickly.
- Deficiency of certain factors: Deficiency of certain factors in diet and malnutrition such as sufficient amount of sodium can affect the diastolic pressure.
- Family history and lifestyle: Family history is predictive of blood pressure levels, people whose close relatives with high blood pressure said to have same blood pressure levels. Life style also play a part in affecting diastolic pressure, a person who take unhealthy diet and is overweight may have lower diastolic pressure.
- Age: A physiological factor that affects the diastolic pressure is aging. As the age increases the elasticity of arteries decreases that originates decreased diastolic pressure.
- Empty Bladder: Another factor that can affect diastolic pressure is empty bladder which can lower the blood pressure. A filled bladder increases the blood pressure to normal level.
- Stress and anxiety: When you are thinking about something you become stressed or tensed that can cause an increase in your blood pressure.
- Body Temperature: When your body is cold there is an increase in your blood pressure. If you are in a doctor’s room for checkup and the room temperature is so chilly for you, your blood pressure is said to be increase than expected.