It is a common knowledge for most people that the use of cigarette and tobacco increases breathing problems and the risk for lung cancers. Though only a few people have realized that it also increases the risk of heart disease, abdominal aortic aneurysm disease as well as peripheral vascular
Smoking and its Effects
Studies have demonstrated the smoking can tighten major arteries, upsurge heart rate, and can cause an uneven rhythm of the heart which causes the heart to work hard. It also increases the blood pressures which is the major cause of stroke.
Though the nicotine is considered as the major ingredient and agent in the smoke of the cigarette, there are other chemicals and compounds as well which includes carbon monoxide and tar which are also much damaging for your heart. These are the chemicals that leads towards the development of fatty plaque within the arteries, perhaps by means of harming the walls of the vessel. And they also have an impact on the levels of cholesterol levels as well as the fibrinogen levels. This augments the blood clot risk which can make you have stroke or heart attack.
Smoking and its Effects on Blood Vessels
The chemicals which are present in tobacco can bring harm to you blood cells. They are also capable of damaging the functionality and structure of your heart and the blood vessels. This damage upsurges the atherosclerosis risk for you which is a disease having plaque (a waxy substance) in the arteries. As the time passes, plaque narrows and hardens your arteries. This results in limiting the flow of blood (rich in oxygen) to your organs and other body parts.
The CHD or Coronary heart disease happens if the plaque develops within the the coronary arteries. As time passes, the CHD can cause heart attack, chest pain, arrhythmias, heart failure, or can even cause death.
Smoking is considered as the major factor of risk for the heart problems and disease. When it is combined with other factors of risk like high blood pressure, unhealthy levels of blood cholesterol, and obesity, smoking raises the heart disease risk even more.