The WHO announced that the outbreak of Zika dengue virus in Brazil was explosively spreading in the Americas and that around four million individuals could be diseased by the end of this year.
Zika virus is borne from the mosquito and primarily communicated by Aedes mosquitoes. These mosquitoes are found through the Americas and are also accountable for the communication of the viruses that produces chikungunya fever and dengue fever.
Outbreak of Zika Dengue Virus in the Americas
In the month of May 2015, Brazil reported its first Zika virus disease case. Since then, the disease has widespread within Brazil and to 22 additional territories and countries in the region.
The arrival of the virus in some Americas countries, particularly Brazil, has been related with a steep upsurge in the birth of babies having unusually small heads. A causal association between infection of Zika virus and defects in birth and neurological syndromes has not been recognized, nonetheless is strongly alleged.
The WHO’s Action on Zika Dengue Virus
The Regional Office of WHO for the Americas (PAHO) has been closely working with countries which are affected since May 2015. PAHO has trained the members and staff about the the Global Outbreak and Response Network (GOARN) to help health ministries in reinforcement of their abilities to detect the arrival and Zika virus circulation through rapid reporting and laboratory testing. The goal has been to guarantee accurate medical treatment and diagnosis for patients, in order to track the spread of the mosquito that carries the virus and the virus itself, and to promote deterrence, particularly by means of mosquito control.
The Organization is backing up the strengthening and scaling up of surveillance systems in the countries that have stated cases of Zika and other neurological circumstances that might be related with the virus. Investigation is also being amplified in countries to which the virus might spread. In the impending weeks, the Organization will assemble experts to discourse critical gaps in scientific knowledge regarding the potential effects of virus and fetuses, adults and children.
The WHO will also give priority the establishment of vaccines and new tools to regulate mosquito populaces, in addition to improving diagnostic tests.