Research has suggested that the proton beam cancer therapy produces fewer side effects as compared to conventional radiotherapy. The study, which was published in The Lancet Oncology, proposes that the therapy is also as effectual as other treatments. It pointed to comparable rates of survival and an inferior impact on lungs and hearts.
In the year 2014 the therapy was at the focus of a disagreement over NHS care for children when Ashya King’s parents took him out of hospital in Hampshire to get the treatment abroad. Their actions led them towards a police operation in order to find them. Ashya, who was just five years old at the time of his treatment, is now free of cancer.
The Proton Beam Cancer Therapy
The proton beam cancer therapy uses charged particles rather than X-rays in order to deliver radiotherapy for patients with cancer.
The treatment lets protons having high energy to be directly targeted at a tumor, decreasing the dose to nearby organs and tissues.
Generally, it gives less side effects as compared with X-ray treatments of high energy.
It can be cast-off for treating spinal cord tumors, prostate cancer, sarcomas near the spine or brain, liver cancer, lung cancer, and some cancers in children.
Acceptable toxicity of the Proton Beam Cancer Therapy
The study looked at 59 patients, who were aged among 3 and 21, between the years 2003 and 2009. All the patients had the most usual kind of malignant brain tumour in kids, recognized as medulloblastoma.
Subsequently 5 years, their rate of survival was comparable to that of patients treated with conventional X-ray radiotherapy, however there were smaller amount of side effects to the lungs and heart, the study found.
The major finding is that proton therapy is as effectual as the photon therapy [conventional X-ray radiotherapy] in treating these patients and what is also very thrilling is that it is upholding these high cure rates however doing so with less late poisonousness, which has dramatic improvements in the quality of life.
Proton radiotherapy resulted in satisfactory toxicity and had comparable survival results to those noted with the conventional radiotherapy, which suggests that the use of the treatment might be an alternative to the photon-based treatments.