Osteoporosis is considered as a common bones condition in which the bones become weakened, thin and can easily fractured or breaks. Women are the greater risk of having osteoporosis after menopause because of the low levels of estrogens (female hormone that maintains body mass).
Osteoporosis has no cure yet, but favorably preventions and treatments are available which may be help full in maintaining or increasing bone compactness. Basically the objective of the treatment is to strengthen and protect the bones from further more damages.
Treatment for Osteoporosis
The hostile way to treat osteoporosis is to take prescription medications prescribed by the doctor or pharmacist that can increase the bones compactness and shows a positive effect on reducing bone loss. The medications for the treatment of bone loss are classified into different classes that gamble on their active ingredients.
- Bisphosphonates: This class of medication is the most common drug for the treatment of osteoporosis available in different brands that are taken weekly, monthly and yearly. The medication includes Zoledronic acids (Reclast), Alendronate (Fosamax), Risedronate (Actonel) and Ibandronate (Boniva).
- Denosumab: The medication is available in the brand name Prolia that works in different way than Bisphosphonates but has a same effect of slowing the rate of broken bones.
- Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator:
- Raloxifene under the brand name Evista is available to reduce the risk of broken bones and spinal fractures in women.
Prevention for Osteoporosis
Some of the crucial treatments that help to prevent osteoporosis include exercise, diet and avoiding smoking. These are the simple recommendations commonly doctors give to overcome osteoporosis in women.
- Calcium consumption: Health providers recommend to the premenopausal women to take atleast 1000 mg of calcium per day. The calcium resources are dairy milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, green vegetables and calcium supplements.
- Consumption of Vitamin D: Normally recommended units of Vitamin D are 800 international units each day. Vitamin D helps to reduce bone weakness, bone loss and fractures. The dietry source of vitamin D is milk supplemented with vitamin D. The other source is Salmon, foods rich with vitamin D and beverages.
- Exercise: Exercise reduces the risk of fractures and bone loss and help to maintain bone compactness in women. Physical activities reduce the chances of having hip fracture in older women. To get more benefits from physical activity designed by the physician regular exercise is important.
- Smoking: Quitting smoking is crucial to reduce the chances of bone loss. Ending smoking is greatly recommended by the doctor for bone health as smoking rapidly cause bone loss.