Turner’s syndrome is known to be a chromosomal disorder in females, in which an X chromosome is completely or partly lost (monosomy).
TS occurs in 1 out of 4000 female birth. Usually take place in the sex chromosome of females, 99% of females abort fetus birth.
Causes of Turner’s syndrome
It is usually not inherited by parents but sometimes it may be inherited by mother or any environmental factors are familiar it is a chromosomal abnormality. Commonly people have 46 chromosomes (23 pairs), but the people with Turner’s syndrome have 45 chromosomes (22 pairs+XO), it is caused by the absence of partial or complete duplicate of X chromosome in some or all cells. It is simply a cause of the defect of one sex chromosome in females.
Diagnosis of Turner’s syndrome
TS may diagnose during pregnancy by ultrasound where the TS is sense. A blood test known as Karotype is used which detects extra or missing chromosome.
Symptoms of Turner’s syndrome
The most common symptoms of TS includes
- Short statured
- Folded eyelids
- Dropped IQ
- Flat chest
- Short and swollen hands and palms
- Undeveloped ovaries
- Ear infections
- Hair loss
Complications of Turner’s syndrome
TS can inter-relate with other diseases and can cause complications like
- Kidney problems
- Tooth loss
- Weakness in bones
- High blood pressure
- Pregnancy and
- Psychological problems
Mosaic Turner’s syndrome
During the early stages of embryonic development a sex chromosome may also be lost which consequence some cells of the growing body receiving X chromosome. This state is known as mosaicism.
Treatment of Turner’s syndrome
There is no proper treatment for TS but the symptoms of TS may lessen. Only short stature and lack of ovaries can be treated.
Growth hormone therapy is mostly recommended, regular health checkups, healthy lifestyle habits, regular exercises, surgery, medication, family support and behavioral therapies also play a vital part to control the symptoms of TS.