Medicines can be a great tool for the treatment of a heart attack (myocardial infarction) and stopping upcoming attacks. The most normally consumed medicines for heart attack treatment comprise of the drugs described in the subsequent sections.
A heart attack is a life-threatening emergency and needs instant medicinal attention.
Thrombolytic Heart Attack Drugs
Also named as “clot busters,” thrombolytic drugs are consumed immediately subsequently a heart attack in places where cardiac catheterization is not freely available. The drug is consumed by means of an IV and functions by rapidly dissolving any main clots within the arteries and reinstating the flow of blood to the heart. Further surgery or treatments might be required if the flow of blood does not return to normal. Some instances of thrombolytic drugs comprise of:
Anticoagulants Heart Attack Drugs
Anticoagulants decrease the risk of clotting in patients having heart attack. They are more usually mentioned to as blood thinners. Instances of anticoagulants comprise of:
- Warfarin (Coumadin)
- Lepirudin (Refludan)
Beta Blockers Heart Attack Drugs
Beta blockers are the class of medicines used for treating high blood pressure, in addition to other conditions and diseases. The medicines fundamentally make it easier for your heart to do its work by obstructing the adrenaline effects and reducing the force and speed of your heartbeat.
Some instances of beta blockers consumed for the relief of chest pain in somebody having a heart attack comprise of:
- Carvedilol (Coreg)
- Atenolol (Apo-atenolol)
- Ametoprolol (Toprol)
ACE Inhibitors (ACEI)
Like beta blockers, (ACE inhibitors) angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are used for the treatment of high blood pressure and some other disorders. ACE inhibitors benefit in relaxing and widening the blood vessels by obstructing the production of an enzyme that makes the vessels narrow. CE inhibitors can progress blood flow, decrease heart strain, and benefits in avoiding further heart muscle damage after having a heart attack.
Some examples of ACE inhibitors comprise of:
- Captopril (Capoten)
- Benazepril (Lotensin)
- Enalapril (Vasotec)
- Fosinopril (Monopril)
- Moexipril (Univasc)
- Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
- Quinapril (Accupril)
- Perindopril (Aceon)
- Trandolapril (Mavik)
- Ramipril (Altace)
Out of these medicines, only aspirin is used commonly as main prevention to decrease the danger of heart attack before it has actually happened.